Having gotten his name from pine logs which systematically cultivated in the region, and left as a dowry the valuable "forest", was previously the Koutsouras Centre of municipality Makri Gialos, hosting almost all services. the population of the village is 775 inhabitants (census 2011), 305 inhabitants (census of 1583).
Thirty kilometers east of ierapetra, is the municipal unit of San Stefano that besides the picturesque village includes the popular tourist resort of makrigialos. The settlement's Population is 131 inhabitants (census 2011), 305 inhabitants (census of 1583).
Built on a hill in 453 m altitude the picturesque village of Agios Stefanos is a prime example of mountain culture of the Cretan people. Its privileged location offers unique views of the Libyan Sea and the mountains of Thryptis while less than six kilometres inhabitants and visitors can enjoy the popular beaches of Makris Gialos.
Ai-Giannis is built a few km above the coastal village of Koutsounari.
A lovely village to visit, very close to Ierapetra, and a short distance from the sea. The view is unique, while constantly being village mainly by Europeans but also Greek descendants of its former inhabitants.